Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a diagnosis that is increasingly found in the medical records of modern children.
A hyperactive child is difficult to adapt in society, does not absorb information well, starts talking late, and at school is characterized by restlessness and low academic performance.
Manifestations of ADHD in a child in early childhood are the result of many factors.
◾ ️ heavy or premature birth;
◾ ️ endocrine diseases of the mother;
◾ ️ intrauterine infection of the fetus;
◾ ️bad habits of the mother and poor environmental conditions (including the work of the mother in hazardous production);
◾ ️ the use of a number of drugs during pregnancy and childbirth, poor nutrition, etc.
Acquired hyperactivity is a consequence of the influence of psychosocial factors, such as:
* suffered psychological trauma;
*violence in the environment;
* poverty of the family, which does not allow the child to receive the necessary minimum, which * causes ridicule from peers;
* quarrels and disagreements in the family, alcoholism of parents.
How to identify ADHD.
Not always the high physical activity of the child is a sign of ADHD. It is important to distinguish and highlight the signs of pathological hyperactivity as a consequence of a disruption in the functioning of the nervous system. ADHD is diagnosed in the presence of the following abnormalities:
* the child is constantly in motion, even when sitting (moving arms, legs, turning his head and body);
*talks a lot
* often loses, forgets things;
* impaired coordination, lack of dexterity, which is why the child may fall “out of the blue “;
* gets tired quickly when concentration and perseverance are required;
* does not bring the matter to its logical end, quickly loses interest;
* the child is emotional, unrestrained, which is manifested by screaming, tantrums, tears;
*cannot control himself: interrupts the conversation, often quarrels and starts fights.
Since hyperactivity is a pathological disorder of the nervous system, the behavior of a child with ADHD does not depend on the place and environment. That is, at home, at school, and on the street, he will be equally active, unrestrained, absent-minded.
Correction and treatment.
The treatment of ADHD requires an integrated approach that affects not only the psychological aspects, but also the quality of life. Parents are advised:
📍 create a personal space for the child, where he can safely do homework, engage in hobbies, be alone;
📍 provide the necessary level of attention – for example, spend 30-60 minutes alone with the child without brothers and sisters;
📍 change the daily routine and adjust the diet;
📍 perform diagnostics of the child’s body to exclude other pathologies of the psyche and nervous system;
📍 regularly attend remedial classes with a psychologist, defectologist.
Good results are shown by drug therapy with the use of nootropics , sedatives, neuroleptics, psychostimulants and other means.
Children with ADHD require special monitoring and correction, because increased nervous excitability not only tires others, but also harms the baby himself.