All children get respiratory infections from time to time, and a short cold will not cause much harm to the health of the child. However, if the baby falls ill more often 4-6 times a year and this is not associated with hereditary or congenital pathologies, parents need to consult a pediatrician.
Causes of frequent morbidity in children
Non-compliance with sanitary culture . If parents do not teach the child to basic hygiene rules, do not follow the baby’s diet, rarely walk with him and do not engage in his physical development, this negatively affects the child’s health.
The presence of chronic diseases . The cause of frequent illnesses in a child may be foci of chronic infections. The disease can proceed unnoticed, exacerbating from time to time.
Hypo – or overprotective . Respiratory diseases often affect children from disadvantaged families who live in poor sanitary and living conditions. If favorable conditions are created in the house for the reproduction of pathogenic bacteria, the child will be constantly ill. In prosperous families, parents, on the contrary, try to create “sterile” conditions for the baby, as a result of which the child’s immunity cannot form normally. The health of the child directly depends on the family, more about this in the article ” Health of the family and children “.
Intestinal dysbiosis . The cause of frequent colds in a child may be dysbiosis of the small or large intestine. With a lack of lacto- and bifidobacteria , which play an important role in protecting the body from infections, pathogenic microorganisms take their place. Irregular bowel movements (alternating constipation and diarrhea) are a sign of dysbiosis.
How to restore your child’s health
Identify foci of chronic infections . ENT infections are one of the main causes of childhood morbidity. If your child often suffers from colds, make an appointment with an otolaryngologist. During the examination, the doctor will assess the condition of the mucous membrane of the nasopharynx, adenoids, tonsils, nasal cavities and eardrum.
Identify and eliminate the cause of the inflammation . In the presence of sore throat, ear, nose and other organs, it is necessary to identify which viruses, fungi or bacteria are causing the disease. Based on the results of the tests, the doctor should prescribe suitable drugs that are effective against certain microorganisms.
Strengthen general immunity . It is possible to start strengthening the child’s immune system only after the diseases have been cured. Walk with your baby in the fresh air more often, gradually carry out hardening procedures that train the child’s blood vessels and improve the blood supply to organs and tissues. Before going to bed, be sure to ventilate the bedroom and, if possible, do a wet cleaning in the room. Include more fresh fruits and vegetables in the child’s diet (if there is no allergy), 3-4 times a year you can give children’s vitamin and mineral complexes.
Create a welcoming atmosphere in the family . Pediatricians and psychologists note that children often get sick in dysfunctional families, where parents are usually busy resolving their own conflicts. Due to the frequent stress caused by conflicts between mom and dad, the baby’s immune system weakens and his body becomes more vulnerable.