Hyperactivity disorder in children is a fairly common behavioral and emotional disorder in children. Such children stand out against the background of the surrounding children. The child cannot stay in one place and is constantly moving. Obvious symptoms appear in 3-5% of the child population. In different age categories, the disease has different manifestations. It will be about the manifestation of hyperactivity in children of preschool ( kindergarten ) age. The disease must be treated because it can affect the child’s learning and life later on.
Causes of hyperactivity in children
There are many reasons for hyperactivity in children, however, before that, parents should still accurately determine whether the child is actually hyperactive. True hyperactivity in children is a congenital pathological condition. According to the theory of mental development, hyperactivity in children can be explained by a slower growth rate and maturation of a child, that is, it occurs when development does not correspond to calendar growth, which is manifested in increased activity. At the same time, the child’s mental development does not lag behind his peers.
According to scientists, hyperactive children lack in the brain so-called neurotransmitters – physiologically active substances responsible for the transmission of impulses from one nerve fiber to another. Their deficiency is associated with the perintal development of the brain, that is, from the physical and mental behavior of the mother during the carrying of the baby and the course of her pregnancy. Also, the cause may be a birth injury that caused hypoxia.
According to another hypothesis, hyperactivity may be caused by a child’s somatic reaction to harmful substances, for example, food additives or lead.
But according to the conducted genetic studies, it was found that hyperactivity in children is inherited.
Symptoms of Hyperactivity in Preschool Children
It should be noted that only a doctor can deliver this symptom. Diagnosis of this disease is quite difficult, especially at preschool age, and on the basis of your own knowledge, in no case should you draw conclusions. However, doctors recommend that parents pay attention to the following set of characteristic signs when a child:
- unable to concentrate for a long time even on the occupation that interests him;
- cannot sit still calmly;
- is in continuous motion;
- hears an appeal to himself, but does not respond with a response;
- often loses his belongings;
- avoids monotonous activities, as well as those that require mental effort;
- never finishes a started activity;
- has difficulty in kindergarten ;
- speaks a lot;
- answers the question without even listening to it to the end;
- has memory problems;
- sleeps little, even in infancy;
- is constantly anxious;
- has a character trait not to obey the rules in any business;
- often interferes in conversations, interrupts the interlocutor;
- can’t wait for their turn;
- subject to frequent and sudden mood swings.
It is quite difficult to detect hyperactivity in children up to two or three years of age, it is a little easier in preschool age, although most often the syndrome of hyperactivity manifests itself in children during preparatory or school classes. Also, going to kindergarten at the age of three becomes a catalyst.
At the beginning of classes in preschool institutions, headaches, which the baby will complain about, night fears, nervous tics, and the like, may be added to the main general symptoms of hyperactivity. If in time you do not start to take measures and find the correct approach to raising such children, then in the future hyperactivity prevents even children with high intelligence from achieving success in life. If you find such symptoms in a child, it is recommended to consult a specialist.